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Doberman Pinscher

The most elegant of the defense dogs

Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs

Original Name : Dobermann

Type : Molossoid

Male size : 26¾-28 ¼ inches

Male weight : 88¼-99¼ lbs

Female size : 24¾26 ¾ inches

Female weight : 70½-77 lbs

Degree of grooming :

Countries of origin : Germany


Doberman Pinschers are medium-sized, strongly built dogs with well developed musculature. Elegant contours, proud stature, well tempered character and determined expression combine to produce an ideal dog.Dobermans are essentially friendly and calm dogs that are devoted to their host family and gentle with children. Ideally neither too temperamental nor too intense, they should be easy to train and full of the work ethic. They should have a healthy dose of courage, self-confidence and poise, because they are very attentive to what’s happening around them.


Strong skull in good proportion to the dog as a whole. Viewed from above, shaped like a blunt wedge. Slight stop.



Solid, short back, of good length and very muscular. The loins are also of good length and very muscular. The withers are clearly defined, especially in males.



Black or brown, with clean, clear rust red markings.



Medium-sized, hanging very close to the cheek.



Natural where docking is not permitted.



Short, hard and thick.


‘Butcher’s dogs’, as they were called – already regarded as a fairly well established breed – undoubtedly played a key role in the origins of Doberman Pinschers. This early type of what we now call Rottweilers was crossed with black and tan shepherd dogs from the German state of Thuringia. Herr Dobermann set up his breeding program in the 1870’s to produce a vigilant utility dog that could also be used on the farmstead and as a protector of people and property. These dogs were often used as guard dogs and police dogs. They were used in hunting to control predators. As such, the Doberman’s official recognition as a police dog at the turn of the 20th century was almost inevitable.For all their power and substance, Dobermans must always be elegant and noble, with all the qualities of a companion, protection and working dog as well as a highly-valued family dog.

Did you know ?

The Doberman is the only German breed to be named after its original breeder. Frédéric Louis Dobermann – note the spelling! – (1834-1894) was a local tax collector and renderer, as well as part-time employee in a licensed dog pound.


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